Now accepting Telehealth appointments. Schedule a virtual visit.

Pain in the Breast: A Comprehensive Review of Chronic Pain Following Cosmetic Breast Surgery


As one of the co-authors, Dr. Anh Ngo in collaboration with our research group from leading U.S. academic institutions recently compiled and published in Pain and Therapy Journal a comprehensive review of chronic pain following cosmetic breast surgery.  The research team provided the review as an update on the current literature addressing the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of patients presenting with chronic postoperative pain following cosmetic breast surgery.

Introduction

Our writing team reported that cosmetic breast surgery is commonly performed in the United States with 520,000 procedures of the total 1.8 million cosmetic surgical procedures performed in 2018 were breast related. Our research group also discussed that postoperative chronic pain, defined as lasting 3 or more months, has been reported in a wide variety of breast surgical procedures including breast augmentation, reduction mammaplasty, mastectomy, and mastectomy with reconstruction. They found that patient characteristics associated with the development of postoperative chronic pain following cosmetic breast surgery include a younger age, larger BMI, smaller height, postoperative hyperesthesia, and elevated baseline depression, anxiety, and catastrophizing scores. Furthermore, the group reported that anatomical distribution of chronic pain following breast augmentation procedures is dependent upon incision site placement; pectoral and intercostal nerves have been implicated.

Our Methods

Our research group performed a comprehensive literature review in MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane databases from 1996 to 2019 using the terms "cosmetic surgery", "breast surgery", "postoperative pain", and "chronic pain".

Our Results

From the review, our research team found the following:

Our Conclusions

Our research team provided in this review a discussion of clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and treatment and preventative strategies for chronic breast pain following cosmetic surgery. This review provided evidence from multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews of efficacy and effectiveness. While chronic postoperative breast pain remains challenging to treat, various preventative strategies have been described to improve postoperative pain outcomes.

To find out if you can benefit from any of existing therapies for pain following cosmetic breast surgery, contact Pain Specialty Group by phone or request an appointment online today.

For a copy of the article, click here.

KEYWORDS:

Breast augmentation; Breast surgery; Chronic pain; Cosmetic surgery; Mammaplasty; Mastectomy; Reduction

 

Author
Pain Specialty Group Specializing In You

You Might Also Enjoy...

How Ginger Can Work to Fight Pain

There are foods and plants out there that are actually still relied on for their therapeutic benefits. Ginger contains anti-inflammatory properties that can be beneficial in treating your pain. See how incorporating ginger in your diet can be beneficial.

How Your Sleeping Position is Affecting Your Back Pain

Do you have back pain that only gets worse after you sleep? You may have poor sleeping habits that are causing more pain and pressure on your spine, without even knowing it. Our expert providers at Pain Specialty Group are eager to help.

Symptoms to Watch Out for After a Car Accident

Car accidents are a common occurrence these days that lead to the people involved having back/neck pain. However, the problem comes about when certain symptoms persist long after the car accident happened.

Chronic Pain & Massage Therapy?

Massage therapy is a alternative option to to address your chronic pain aside from surgical procedures. Taking a holistic approach to your body and its functions may lead to a greater comprehension of your diagnosis.

Taking Pain Medications Safely

With hundreds of over-the-counter and prescription medications that are out there, it's easy for misinformation to spread fast. Before taking medications, it's important to keep a few things in mind.

Mobile Apps That Can Help Manage Pain

Chronic pain can be extremely difficult to deal with alone. But, there are mobile applications that can help you with that. These apps, tied with the personalized care at Pain Specialty Group, can help you deal with your chronic pain.